Eastern Cape Province has the second highest percentage of learners who are too poor to be required to pay school fees (81% in 2013) and the highest percentage of individuals receiving social grants. In Tyume Valley there is also a high level of HIV/AIDS (often undisclosed): many children live with single parents, illiterate grandmothers or in child-headed households. There is no network of Early Childhood Development centres and children entering Reception classes have poorly developed language and other skills.
The 26 primary schools are small and under-resourced; most have only one or two teachers to teach all grades. They suffer from frequent school closures and teacher absences.